The Cottage Smallholder

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Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) recipe for Christmas Eve

pheasant village signA Cottage Smallholder Christmas tradition is pot roast pheasant on Christmas Eve. Partly because it’s in season and is a treat but mainly because it’s bunged in the oven for a good hour an a half whilst I get on with another task such as helping Father Christmas with packing the stockings for the household. F.C. usually stops for a sherry early evening to swap recipes, although it’s awkward manoeuvring the sleigh in the back since we fenced the kitchen garden and shortened the runway (Heathrow take note).

Cooking game can be tricky. A lot of recipes assume that you know the sex and the age of the bird. This is hard to discern unless you have been presented with the bird complete with feathers. If you buy it from a supermarket, go for the smaller bird. This should be a hen or a young cock if you are lucky. These can be roasted open in the oven for 30-40 minutes and should be delicious. More often than not you will be cooking a cock over a year old. Open roasting these will have you chewing into the next decade. I cook most game assuming that I have been given a wise old bird. This works well.

This recipe came about in a desperate effort to tempt Danny back from the edge.

I was very proud of my original recipe until we were planning a supper party and Danny said the fatal words,
“I just can’t face pheasant again.”
This was a year when we were given a lot of game. We now know that we had hung the birds for too long. It was far too rich and “gamey” and we had overdosed.

Our new recipe is adapted from two Normandy pheasant recipes, with a smattering of Romany gypsy tips. They are the kings when it comes to slow cooked wildlife, after all.

I was determined to create a dish so delicious that D would not be able to resist, so I worked on this recipe a bit more, tweaking it and cooking the pheasant for a bit longer. The bread at the bottom turns into a heavenly mush that’s almost as good as the bird. The cooking method ensures that the bird is tender and scrumptious.

D is now a convert. Nowadays he opens an eye and suggests a pheasant pot roast for supper before I have jotted down his breakfast order.

Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) for two


  • 1 hen pheasant (if you only have an old cock it’s worth marinating the bird in olive oil, lemon juice and white wine overnight)
  • 2 slices of white doughy bread to line the base of the casserole (crusts removed)
  • 1 bramley cooking apple or two eating apples and half a lemon
  • 6 slices of streaky bacon
  • 1 large glass of white wine (150ml)
  • 3-4 of sprigs of thyme (9-12 separate twigs)
  • 1 slug of brandy
  • Parsley to garnish


Pre heat oven to 160c (140c fan)
Ideally you have an oval casserole and aluminium foil

  1. Layer the base of the casserole with the slices of bread.
  2. If using a cooking apple: Quarter the apple and remove the core (no need to peel the apple). Put half the apple, quartered again into the cavity of the pheasant. Chop the remaining half and scatter over the bread.
    If using eating apples: Chop one apple and press it into the cavity. Chop the other apple and scatter over the bread base.
  3. Chop three of the streaky bacon slices and scatter over the bread.
  4. If using eating apples: squeeze the lemon juice over the pheasant and rub in. Halve the squeezed lemon and place in the cavity of the bird.
  5. remove the woody bits from the thyme and scatter the leaves and soft stems onto the layer of bread. Place the three remaining slices of bacon over the breast of the bird and carefully place it breast down on the layer of bread.
  6. Pour the glass of wine over the bird.
  7. Put a piece of foil under the casserole lid to make a tight seal. Place in the centre of the preheated oven for 1.5 hours. Check to see how tender the bird is, using a fork. Bake for a further 15-20 minutes if necessary until very tender.
  8. Adjust the oven temperature 180c (160c fan) and turn the bird over, breast up. Return the casserole (without lid) to the oven to brown the bird for ten minutes.
  9. When it’s cooked splash on a glug of cooking brandy and replace the lid.
  10. Allow to stand in a warm place whilst you prepare your vegetables: mini roast potatoes, carrots and peas are ideal.
  11. Remove the pheasant to a warm place and stir your sauce well before serving.

Serve the bread, bacon and apple sauce on each plate with the pheasant, sprinkled with torn parsley leaves. We also serve the apple from inside the bird as an instant apple sauce.

Tips and tricks:

  • we now hang game for two-three days max. If it is clearly a geriatric bird we marinate the bird overnight before cooking. Juice of one lemon, 2 tablespoons of olive oil and one tablespoon of white wine. Put the bird and ingredients into a plastic bag. Squeeze out the air and pop into the fridge. No need to turn the bird in the marinade as all flesh marinades with this method.

  Leave a reply


  1. David Trivett

    Im keen to try this for xmas eve, is it possible to make it the night before and leave in the fridge overnight and reheat the next night? Im also making it for 5 adults was intending to use 2 hen birds which will have been hung for 3 days. do the cooking times need to change

  2. Paul Edgeley

    Prepared the pot roasted pheasant a couple of nights ago and I have to say that the result was fantastic….even converted my wife to pheasant.

  3. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Ernie

    Hope that it worked for you!

  4. Ernie Herridge

    Hi.Found your recipe for pot roast pheasant it is in the oven as i send this message really looking forward to tea tonite.Will let you know how it goes.Regards Ernie.

  5. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Rachel

    Thank you so much for leaving a comment.

    So pleased that you enjoyed your pheasant!

  6. Hi there
    We’ve tried this recipe tonight as we were given some pheasants to try (one already frozen so it’s in the freezer, one fresh which we used!)
    We’re both pheasant virgins and it was fab! Thanks a lot

  7. You had better believe it, Nicola! Making your own is hugely addictive and great fun.

    Fiona had a huge range of home made liquors maturing slowly on a shelf in our barn until the terrible collapse:

    We rescued some but many “great vintages” were lost forever.

    Hope you live to enjoy every one of yours 🙂

  8. Hi. Just popped back to your site to check thing out as been so informative b4 re chickens and hedgerow recipes and youve given me tomorrows dinner idea as i have a 3 day old brace of pheasant to prep and fancied trying something new. Pot roast pheasant it is! Ps our kitchen is being taken over with jars and bottles, Sloe vodka,apple & onion chutney ,jams, jellies and most recent rosehip syrup. Growing and making our own is getting seriously addictive!!

  9. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Phil

    Delighted that everything worked out OK!

  10. well what can i say your recipe is spot on and my results were delicious everything went as planned and the missis was very impressed as so was i, overall a very rewarding experience turning two freshly shot birds(skinning&gutting)into a very tasty meal, i skin the birds for speed and to check the condition of the meat the female was hit hard so i just remove any damaged flesh i also remove the tendons in the legs by cutting lightly around the knee joint after first freeing the joint by bending gradually to obtain full movement then use clean pliers grasp the bone below knee and with other hand grasp the thigh and pull apart this can be difficult but you should pull out the lower leg tendons and all i got this tip from a youtube site (how to skin a pheasant)presented by shooting times a very informative video these were my first birds i skinned and its so much quicker and cleaner than plucking,getting a new air rifle after xmas so looking forward to the shooting seasons, next rabbit/woodpidgeon thanks phil.

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