The Cottage Smallholder

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How can I make my chicken go broody?

ThumperEvery now and then I get an email from someone who desperately wants a chicken to go broody. Going broody means that the hen suddenly fancies raising a brood of chicks and will sit on the eggs constantly to incubate them until hatched.

You can’t make a hen go broody. It’s like trying to make X more amusing, or sexy. Either X has the tendency to be amusing or sexy or does not.

If you want to breed chicks you need an incubator or a broody hen. There are strains that have a tendency to go broody. Bantams (a small breed of chicken) are well known to be more prone to broodiness. They can be great mothers. Despite this tendency, we have six bantams and only two have gone broody over the past three years.

I have been told that Silkie bantams go broody at the drop of a hat. Some pals that had a shoot and raised pheasant eggs, used Silkie bantams with great success. But you could buy a flock of Silkies that never go broody. It’s the luck of the draw.

Mrs Boss is the one bantam chicken in our flock that goes broody regularly. Her comb gradually pales from red to pink and she will sit in the nesting box, caring for any eggs that have been laid. She is not bothered about the progeny and will happily sit on anything as long as it’s egg shaped.

It’s important to check your chickens every day and lift a broody hen off the nest. Left sitting, a broody hen may not move. If not shunted out of the nesting box to eat and drink, she will die. The sad fact is that without a cockerel to fertilise her eggs, an undisturbed broody hen will pointlessly sit on a nest of unfertilised eggs indefinitely.

If you have fertilised eggs and want to breed, a broody chicken is a boon. Settle her in a quiet place with her own supply of food and water. She will get up every now and then to stretch her legs but she will care for her eggs.

A bantam will generally be a good mother. Any sitting hen connects with any chick when she hears the first cheep. A hen sitting on eggs will generally accept all fowl that emerge from an egg that is placed under her. This could be a pheasant, guinea fowl, partridge, quail, duck or chicken. We haven’t tried ostrich or peacock (it’s a question of space).

It’s important to provide a safe environment, well away from the rest of the flock. Chickens do not go all gooey eyed when new, trembly legged chicks emerge. There is a pecking order. Need I say more?

Mother and chicks retire earlier than the other chickless hens each evening and so need a separate apartment for the first few weeks. Initially, the mother hen teaches the chicks how to drink, forage and run from danger (under her protective wing) from the word go.

Think laterally and protect your precious chicks from danger. A large stone in the drinking saucer will stop them drowning in the water. You also need to check that bullying is not going on. If this is happening, fence off the separate apartment.

I am very fond of Mrs Boss. Heaven knows why – she is broody on and off all summer. Her broodiness is a problem for us. It affects the rest of our small flock. Broody hens will chase other normal egg-laying hens out of the nesting box. Egg production goes down.

I have learnt that leaving Mrs Boss to her own devices is a downward spiral. She will not give up. She is resolute and single minded unitil I escort her to the prison cell broody coop. Now I clean out the broody coop and pop her in as soon as I spot her comb going pale. I feel a pig but if I catch her early in her broody state, her stay at Her Majesty’s Pleasure is just a matter of days.

She puts in a vociferous High Court appeal every time I pass by the run and her broody coop cell. This is ignored until her comb turns red again. Then the prison doors are thrown open and she rushes out for a dust bath.

If anyone needs a broody hen I would gladly lend Mrs Boss, although I would miss her because it takes three to four months to hatch and nurture a brood until they are old enough to fend for themselves.

My dream is that one day we will be offered fertilised eggs around the time that Mrs B is going broody. There was a fleeting hour or so this spring when someone needed to hatch out some duck eggs.
“Do you have a broody hen?”
“Well, yes. Mrs Boss.”
“I might bring round some duck eggs.”

Danny had a happy day imagining baby ducks swimming in a teeny pond (upturned dustbin lid in the chicken run.) Mrs Boss hovered in the nesting box. Finally we had the call. No duck eggs. Mrs Boss was popped into the broody coop and egg laying by the other hens erupted for the day. Chickens save up and the shells are harder.

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  1. Hi there, i have jus stumbled on to this absolutly awesome website, very insightfull n very usefull.
    i was reading bout the “prison coop”, i too have one of these, owning 11 mixed bantam chickens can be very hard work lol, one goes broody then steadily she turns 2 or 3 others broody and have often found them cooped up one on top of the other fighting over eggs, often with the result of breaking them. Now i do the same as above, pale combs n screaming at me when i open the nest box are a good sign its time for another spell behind bars lol.
    I also rear chicks via an incubator after being let down by my broody hen, we incubated 7 of our own eggs, greatfully fertilised by snowball our cockeral, to find all 7 hatched, i was very surprised and of course soooo excited, so i decided to have another go and yesterday one eggs hatched with another half out, its hard work hand rearing chicks but worth it as they are that bit friendlier, anyway waffling, i defo be back to read again, xx

  2. shannon

    Those little banties are pretty amzaing birds, did you keep all the chicks?

  3. i had a bantam that had around 30 chickens until sadly one day she just disappeared, (we suspect the fox).
    but she was the only one that used to fly out of the pen and we just let her, there was no way of stopping her.
    then one day she had gone missing for a few weeks and we had an outbuilding with an old open water tank about 11 feet high, we walked passed it and hear cheeping, look up inside and there turned out to be 11 baby chicks the tiniest thing ever so lovely little things. we really don’t know how she survived up there, it had a metal roof and must of been the hottest days of the year!

    she was a superb mum.

  4. shannon

    hi Colin, I haven’t been on this web site in a long time as I had no enternet service in almost 2 years, I also enjoyed all the stories. I do have a small bit of knowlege when it comes to chickens, what did you want to know? May i can help.

  5. ColinJE

    Hi everyone, I simply just wanted to find more information on broody hens and learn more about chickens. I read your articles and I could not stop laughing such a wonderful article, full of passion and love to chicks moreover how beautifully article been put. You need to write stories. Thanks for giving me such enjoyable time.

    Best wishes

  6. Lorynne Heyns

    I have a silkie X maran and the girl wants to sit every few weeks. She’s just reared a nest and she’s sitting again, but this time without any eggs! Think I’m going to have to buy some for her to sit on, just can’t take seeing her do this to herself without the reward of some chicks. I am really worried about her though.

  7. Hi
    Thank you for your reply. I’m going to find it hard to part with them.

  8. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Teresa

    Yes eventually the cockerels will fight with each other. You are probably best to find new homes for at least two of them.

  9. Hi
    I am new to keeping chickens, so I don’t really know alot yet, I bought 10 chickens a few months ago and now know I have ended up with 4 cockerels, do I have to seperate them, will they fight with each other? I don’t want to part with them as I have had them since they were really tiny and love them all. Also they are different kinds of pure breds. I don’t know what to do.

  10. hi

    i got 2 black rocks and 2 bantys. both of my bantys went broody in the first week that we got them. they are both sitting on 3 eggs each but do shifts as they refuse to use the nest box. should this put them off being brood and for how long?

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