The Cottage Smallholder

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Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) recipe for Christmas Eve

pheasant village signA Cottage Smallholder Christmas tradition is pot roast pheasant on Christmas Eve. Partly because it’s in season and is a treat but mainly because it’s bunged in the oven for a good hour an a half whilst I get on with another task such as helping Father Christmas with packing the stockings for the household. F.C. usually stops for a sherry early evening to swap recipes, although it’s awkward manoeuvring the sleigh in the back since we fenced the kitchen garden and shortened the runway (Heathrow take note).

Cooking game can be tricky. A lot of recipes assume that you know the sex and the age of the bird. This is hard to discern unless you have been presented with the bird complete with feathers. If you buy it from a supermarket, go for the smaller bird. This should be a hen or a young cock if you are lucky. These can be roasted open in the oven for 30-40 minutes and should be delicious. More often than not you will be cooking a cock over a year old. Open roasting these will have you chewing into the next decade. I cook most game assuming that I have been given a wise old bird. This works well.

This recipe came about in a desperate effort to tempt Danny back from the edge.

I was very proud of my original recipe until we were planning a supper party and Danny said the fatal words,
“I just can’t face pheasant again.”
This was a year when we were given a lot of game. We now know that we had hung the birds for too long. It was far too rich and “gamey” and we had overdosed.

Our new recipe is adapted from two Normandy pheasant recipes, with a smattering of Romany gypsy tips. They are the kings when it comes to slow cooked wildlife, after all.

I was determined to create a dish so delicious that D would not be able to resist, so I worked on this recipe a bit more, tweaking it and cooking the pheasant for a bit longer. The bread at the bottom turns into a heavenly mush that’s almost as good as the bird. The cooking method ensures that the bird is tender and scrumptious.

D is now a convert. Nowadays he opens an eye and suggests a pheasant pot roast for supper before I have jotted down his breakfast order.

Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) for two


  • 1 hen pheasant (if you only have an old cock it’s worth marinating the bird in olive oil, lemon juice and white wine overnight)
  • 2 slices of white doughy bread to line the base of the casserole (crusts removed)
  • 1 bramley cooking apple or two eating apples and half a lemon
  • 6 slices of streaky bacon
  • 1 large glass of white wine (150ml)
  • 3-4 of sprigs of thyme (9-12 separate twigs)
  • 1 slug of brandy
  • Parsley to garnish


Pre heat oven to 160c (140c fan)
Ideally you have an oval casserole and aluminium foil

  1. Layer the base of the casserole with the slices of bread.
  2. If using a cooking apple: Quarter the apple and remove the core (no need to peel the apple). Put half the apple, quartered again into the cavity of the pheasant. Chop the remaining half and scatter over the bread.
    If using eating apples: Chop one apple and press it into the cavity. Chop the other apple and scatter over the bread base.
  3. Chop three of the streaky bacon slices and scatter over the bread.
  4. If using eating apples: squeeze the lemon juice over the pheasant and rub in. Halve the squeezed lemon and place in the cavity of the bird.
  5. remove the woody bits from the thyme and scatter the leaves and soft stems onto the layer of bread. Place the three remaining slices of bacon over the breast of the bird and carefully place it breast down on the layer of bread.
  6. Pour the glass of wine over the bird.
  7. Put a piece of foil under the casserole lid to make a tight seal. Place in the centre of the preheated oven for 1.5 hours. Check to see how tender the bird is, using a fork. Bake for a further 15-20 minutes if necessary until very tender.
  8. Adjust the oven temperature 180c (160c fan) and turn the bird over, breast up. Return the casserole (without lid) to the oven to brown the bird for ten minutes.
  9. When it’s cooked splash on a glug of cooking brandy and replace the lid.
  10. Allow to stand in a warm place whilst you prepare your vegetables: mini roast potatoes, carrots and peas are ideal.
  11. Remove the pheasant to a warm place and stir your sauce well before serving.

Serve the bread, bacon and apple sauce on each plate with the pheasant, sprinkled with torn parsley leaves. We also serve the apple from inside the bird as an instant apple sauce.

Tips and tricks:

  • we now hang game for two-three days max. If it is clearly a geriatric bird we marinate the bird overnight before cooking. Juice of one lemon, 2 tablespoons of olive oil and one tablespoon of white wine. Put the bird and ingredients into a plastic bag. Squeeze out the air and pop into the fridge. No need to turn the bird in the marinade as all flesh marinades with this method.

  Leave a reply


  1. Trying this for Boxing Day. In Canada! As my bird is not likely to have been hung – and had its neck wrung rather than being shot – fingers crossed on the flavour.

  2. Adrian Farquharson

    A wonderful recipe.
    Stumbled upon this recipe a couple of month’s back.
    Since then had it for a dinner party of 6 who absolutely adored it.
    And having it again with the inlaws tonight :o)

  3. Owen Stephens

    Just had this recipe for Christmas dinner – absolutely delicious – thank you very much!

  4. Tried this over the weekend and was highly impressed. I cooked two birds as I had visitors and just doubled up on the ingredients. Everyone was extremely flattering about the end result and the recipe has been passed on. Thank you.

  5. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Colin,

    You can’t tell whether the pheasant is an old one. What you can do is always select the smallest bird. If they are plucked this is likely to be a hen (more tender meat) or a young cock.

  6. If you get a pheasant from the butchers (ie not supermarket), is he likely to know if it’s a cock, & whether its an old one? If not, how can you tell?

  7. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Dave,

    The chestnut addition sound great! Spot on – a recipe is just a possible route. Fresh ingredients to dish. It’s good when someone enhances our recipes and tells us about the additions. Thanks so much for bothering to report back with a such brilliant twist!

  8. David Greenhorn

    Tried your recipe for pheasant and bread, bacon and apple sauce. Given the season I added a few chestnuts to the tray for the last 10 minutes or so and the result was fantastic. Your recipe is great, real heary stuff. I’ve cooked it both ways now and like them both the same. The chestnuts give it a sweet nutty flavour and adds some texture to the sauce. The thing is that a good recipe should inspire you to use the best of what you have at that time of year and your recipe is certinally inspirational. Thanks a lot.


  9. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Ruth,

    Hanging pheasant tenderises the bird and enhances the flavour. This recipe would be the one to go for if you are not going to hang the bird as the slow cooking will tenderise the meat. You could try marinating the pheasant in olive oil and lemon overnight if it’s an old bird.

    I am so pleased that you enjoyed your visit to our site. Thanks for leaving a comment.

  10. hello i am about to try your recipe but with a un hung bird as im not keen on gamey flavors. just wondering why exatly do you hang them is it just to sofen? or flavour. thanks for your lovely website it now bookmarked. ruth

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