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Old Fashioned Apple Jelly Recipe

A green cooking apple growing in our garden

A green cooking apple

This morning I decided to make apple jelly with the apples that our friend Anne Mary gave us last week. They are now in the jelly bag, left to drip for the rest of the day. (What is a “jelly bag”? See tips and tricks below).

We always use cooking apples for apple jelly so that it is not too sweet and much more adaptable. For years I only thought of jelly as an accompaniment to meat. The jars opened and enjoyed but usually lost in the depths of the fridge. I cringe now at the thought of the great jellies that must have been wasted on us.

Over the past couple of years we have begun to discover the breadth of the jelly repertoire. Initially, we worked hard trying to make jelly with a good flavour, rather than the ultra sweet stuff that I remember as a child. I asked all my clients for tips. Armed with this unique knowledge, (most of them are good, inventive cooks) and a lot of experimentation we have finally made a small range of jellies that we think are good. This delicate apple jelly is one of the stars.

As we had all these pots of jelly crowding out the larder we were forced to become adventurous. We found that a decent dollop of a stronger jelly in a stew lifted the flavours. We ate it with cheese. We used it in casseroles, as a sauce base for pork and chicken and stirred it into hearty winter soup. We even tried in stir fries (great with a chicken or duck.

We found that dark meat and game cry out for a slightly stronger jelly, such as our damson or wild plum. We also make a punchy sloe and Bramley jelly which adds an extra fillip to a pheasant or venison dish. If we run out of the more raunchy jelly, Danny adds a slug of sloe gin, although I prefer the sharper fruity effect of damson gin. A dash of sloe or damson gin is super in stews, sauces and gravy. You can’t taste the alcohol, just a deep, mellow flavour.

Old Fashioned Apple Jelly Recipe


  • 4 pounds/1.8 kilos of cooking apples (windfalls are fine for this recipe)
  • 2 UK pints/1140ml/5 cups of water
  • Grated rind and juice of one large lemon
  • White granulated sugar (the amount depends on the volume of juice extracted from the simmered, drained fruit. 1 pint/500ml/2 1/2 cups of juice to 1 pound/454gms of sugar. I always make sure that I have a 2 kilo bag of sugar in the larder, just in case I fancy making jelly)


  1. Wash the apples, cut out bad bits and chop roughly. There is no need to peel and core the apples.
  2. Carefully grate the lemon zest from the lemon (we use a zester but a fine grater will do. Try to avoid including the pith as this would make the jelly bitter).
  3. Place fruit and lemon zest in a large deep heavy bottomed saucepan, or preserving pan. Add the water and bring gently Bring gently to the boil and simmer very gently until all the fruit is soft and mushy (roughly 25 minutes, depending upon how ripe the fruit is).
  4. Pour the cooked fruit through sterilised muslin. (How do I sterilise muslin? See tips and tricks below). The muslin is often referred to as a “jelly bag”. We use tall buckets to catch the drips from the jelly bags. Rather than hang the bags (conventional method-between two stools) I find it easier to line a large plastic sieve with the muslin. This clips neatly onto the top of a clean bucket. The sieve is covered with a clean tea cloth to protect against flies, as the jelly bag generally drips overnight.
  5. Measure the apple juice the next day and pour it into a deep heavy bottomed saucepan. Add 454g/1 pound of white granulated sugar for each 570ml/1 pint/2 1/2 cups of juice.
  6. Add the juice of the lemon.
  7. Heat the juice and sugar gently, stirring from time to time. Make sure that that all the sugar has dissolved before bringing the liquid slowly to the boil. Continue to boil for about five minutes before testing for a set. (What is testing for a set? See tips and tricks below).
  8. Toss in a nugget of butter towards the end to reduce the frothing that often occurs.
  9. When jelly has reached setting point pour into warm sterilised jars using a funnel and ladle. (How do I sterilise jars? See tips and tricks below).
  10. Cover immediately with plastic lined screw top lids or cellophane tops secured with a rubber band.
    Label when cold and store in a cool, dark place. Away from damp. (My jelly is too liquid. See Tricks and tips below)

Tips and tricks:

  • What is a jelly bag?
    A jelly bag is traditionally a piece of muslin but it can be cheesecloth, an old thin tea cloth or even a pillowcase. The piece needs to be about 18″ square. When your fruit is cooked and ready to be put in the jelly bag, lay your cloth over a large bowl. Pour the fruit into the centre of the cloth and tie the four corners together so that they can be slung on a stick to drip over the bowl. Traditionally a stool is turned upside down, the stick is rested on the wood between the legs and the jelly bag hangs over the bowl. We experimented and now line a sieve with muslin, place it over a bucket and cover the lot with clean tea cloths (against the flies).
  • How do I sterilise muslin/the jelly bag?
    Iron the clean jelly bag with a hot iron. This also works with tea cloths.
  • What is Jam “set” or “setting point”?
    Getting the right set can be tricky. I have tried using a jam thermometer but find it easier to use the following method. Before you start to make the jam, put a couple of plates in the fridge so that the warm jam can be drizzled onto a cold plate (when we make jam we often forget to return the plate to the fridge between tests, using two plates means that you have a spare cold plate). Return the plate to the fridge to cool for approx two minutes. It has set when you run your finger through it and leave a crinkly track mark. If after two minutes the cooled jam is too liquid, continue to boil the jam, testing it every few minutes until you have the right set. The jam is far more delicious if it is slightly runny.
  • How do I sterilise jam jars?
    We collect jars all year round for our jelly, chutney and jam making sessions. I try to soak off labels and store the clean jars and metal plastic coated screw-top lids in an accessible place. The sterilising method that we used is simple. Just before making the jam, I quickly wash and rinse the jars and place them upside down in a cold oven. Set the temperature to 160c (140c fan-assisted). When the oven has reached the right temperature I turn off the heat. The jars will stay warm for quite a while. I only use plastic lined lids for preserves as the all-metal lids can go rusty. I boil these for five minutes in water to sterilise them. If I use Le Parfait jars, I do the same with the rubber rings.


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  1. Susanna Donald

    Apple is also very good for another “old fashioned”treat. If you lightly spice the jelly ( I put a few cloves and a cinnamon stick) whilst the jelly is cooling before potting up it makes delicious christmas jam tarts with the appropriate seasonal flavour. Remove the spices before you put the jelly in the pots.

  2. Michael O'Leary

    we used exactly this technique for our crab apples, and the result was spectacular. soon as i saw the word “delicate” above i knew it was a winner for cooking apples too. why wouldn’t it be? the crabapple is the mother of every variety of apple that exists. our ca jelly came out a delicate ruby colour. didn’t stop it being eaten smartish tho’! not mentioned above to accompany: good cheese!

    But the best reason for making your own preserves and conserves is they simply taste better than anything you can buy! And better again if you make your own bread. You are also actively helping restore our human heritage. The industrial revolution freed us from starvation ignorance and poverty. and those small dark cottages mentioned in the site name (which weren’t -ever- our property) it also gave us celiac. It shouldn’t deny us healthy delicious food. Only downside is its a one-way street. Once you make/bake your own, there’s no buying from a supermarket..

    My only grouse with this recipe? confusing ancient with old-fashioned. that’s what preserve/conserve means. We are tapping in to a resource as old as farming. or the reason indian cuisine inevitably means yoghurt. not a lot of fridges in their villages. no electricity!

  3. Hello do you use the water that the apples were boiled in.

  4. Philomena

    Recipe so easy to follow including tips. Just made my first batch of apple jam.An enjoyable experience.

  5. Suzee Boyd

    is it a good idea to use Jam Sugar and if I do, should I still add pectin?

    • No, there is plenty of pectin in the apples. You do not even need to use jam sugar. Save it for a fruit low in pectin like strawberries.

  6. good tips. here we go. wish me luck.

  7. Can desert apples eused instead of cooking apples

  8. Just made my first batch of apple jelly by following this recipe and it’s absolutely delicious. Great recipe and I’m now hunting for more jars to use up the 50ish kilos of windfall apples I have left over. I’ve made wine, chutneys, pies, anything I can think of really…….apple jelly is a winner!!!!

  9. Thanks for sharing. I can’t remember making Apple Jelly unless I did so as a kid.

    What am going to try is make the Jelly by juicing the apples 1st. Boiling up the pulp in a little water, and “Jelly bag” to remove any remaining juice/flavour and get that much needed Pectin for setting. I’ll then combine the two liquids with the sugar and reduce etc, etc.

    • I was also thinking of trying the method Nick mentions of juicing the apples before boiling the pulp. Does anyone know how this would work out? Thanks

  10. Lovely web site and thanks for taking the time to create it.

    There is a mis-match between the amount of sugar specified in your ingredients and that specified in point 5 of your method. The ingredients section would require 908g of sugar per litre of juice whereas point 5 would required 796g per litre of juice.

    • Robin Clay

      It’s always a pound of sugar to a pint of liquid. It WILL not set until it reaches 104 degrees C; this WILL not happen until sufficient water has boiled away that the sugar content reaches the right concentration.

      You NEVER know what that concentration is ! It depends how much liquid there is in the apples, how much evaporates while dripping, how sweet the apples are, etc., etc., etcetera !

      Or so I believe 😉

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