The Cottage Smallholder

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Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) recipe for Christmas Eve

pheasant village signA Cottage Smallholder Christmas tradition is pot roast pheasant on Christmas Eve. Partly because it’s in season and is a treat but mainly because it’s bunged in the oven for a good hour an a half whilst I get on with another task such as helping Father Christmas with packing the stockings for the household. F.C. usually stops for a sherry early evening to swap recipes, although it’s awkward manoeuvring the sleigh in the back since we fenced the kitchen garden and shortened the runway (Heathrow take note).

Cooking game can be tricky. A lot of recipes assume that you know the sex and the age of the bird. This is hard to discern unless you have been presented with the bird complete with feathers. If you buy it from a supermarket, go for the smaller bird. This should be a hen or a young cock if you are lucky. These can be roasted open in the oven for 30-40 minutes and should be delicious. More often than not you will be cooking a cock over a year old. Open roasting these will have you chewing into the next decade. I cook most game assuming that I have been given a wise old bird. This works well.

This recipe came about in a desperate effort to tempt Danny back from the edge.

I was very proud of my original recipe until we were planning a supper party and Danny said the fatal words,
“I just can’t face pheasant again.”
This was a year when we were given a lot of game. We now know that we had hung the birds for too long. It was far too rich and “gamey” and we had overdosed.

Our new recipe is adapted from two Normandy pheasant recipes, with a smattering of Romany gypsy tips. They are the kings when it comes to slow cooked wildlife, after all.

I was determined to create a dish so delicious that D would not be able to resist, so I worked on this recipe a bit more, tweaking it and cooking the pheasant for a bit longer. The bread at the bottom turns into a heavenly mush that’s almost as good as the bird. The cooking method ensures that the bird is tender and scrumptious.

D is now a convert. Nowadays he opens an eye and suggests a pheasant pot roast for supper before I have jotted down his breakfast order.

Pot roast pheasant (gypsy style) for two


  • 1 hen pheasant (if you only have an old cock it’s worth marinating the bird in olive oil, lemon juice and white wine overnight)
  • 2 slices of white doughy bread to line the base of the casserole (crusts removed)
  • 1 bramley cooking apple or two eating apples and half a lemon
  • 6 slices of streaky bacon
  • 1 large glass of white wine (150ml)
  • 3-4 of sprigs of thyme (9-12 separate twigs)
  • 1 slug of brandy
  • Parsley to garnish


Pre heat oven to 160c (140c fan)
Ideally you have an oval casserole and aluminium foil

  1. Layer the base of the casserole with the slices of bread.
  2. If using a cooking apple: Quarter the apple and remove the core (no need to peel the apple). Put half the apple, quartered again into the cavity of the pheasant. Chop the remaining half and scatter over the bread.
    If using eating apples: Chop one apple and press it into the cavity. Chop the other apple and scatter over the bread base.
  3. Chop three of the streaky bacon slices and scatter over the bread.
  4. If using eating apples: squeeze the lemon juice over the pheasant and rub in. Halve the squeezed lemon and place in the cavity of the bird.
  5. remove the woody bits from the thyme and scatter the leaves and soft stems onto the layer of bread. Place the three remaining slices of bacon over the breast of the bird and carefully place it breast down on the layer of bread.
  6. Pour the glass of wine over the bird.
  7. Put a piece of foil under the casserole lid to make a tight seal. Place in the centre of the preheated oven for 1.5 hours. Check to see how tender the bird is, using a fork. Bake for a further 15-20 minutes if necessary until very tender.
  8. Adjust the oven temperature 180c (160c fan) and turn the bird over, breast up. Return the casserole (without lid) to the oven to brown the bird for ten minutes.
  9. When it’s cooked splash on a glug of cooking brandy and replace the lid.
  10. Allow to stand in a warm place whilst you prepare your vegetables: mini roast potatoes, carrots and peas are ideal.
  11. Remove the pheasant to a warm place and stir your sauce well before serving.

Serve the bread, bacon and apple sauce on each plate with the pheasant, sprinkled with torn parsley leaves. We also serve the apple from inside the bird as an instant apple sauce.

Tips and tricks:

  • we now hang game for two-three days max. If it is clearly a geriatric bird we marinate the bird overnight before cooking. Juice of one lemon, 2 tablespoons of olive oil and one tablespoon of white wine. Put the bird and ingredients into a plastic bag. Squeeze out the air and pop into the fridge. No need to turn the bird in the marinade as all flesh marinades with this method.

  Leave a reply


  1. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Bob

    It’s great that you liked our recipe. This is one of my favourite pheasant dishes. The next in line is Pheasant and Venison casserole à la Beastley which is surprisingly good!

    Thanks for taking the time to leave feedback. Much appreciated.

  2. Bob Craske

    What a superb site!

    This pheasant recipe is stuff to die for – thank you very much.

    As an amateur hobby-cook (the worst kind?) I was intrigued by this recipe. Pheasant has always been either too gamey or too bloand for our tastes, This time it was an outstanding success – the apples are a touch of genius.

    A very sincere ‘thank you’ 🙂

    Bob Craske

  3. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Gill

    Doughy bread means an unsliced farmhouse white loaf rather than a sandwich loaf or Mother’s Pride!

    Hope that the recipe turns out well for you.

  4. Gill White

    Am planning to roast pheasant using your recipe – could you please advise what is ‘doughy bread’ and / or recommend a brand
    Many thanks
    Gill White

  5. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Eileen

    Hope that your pheasant dish works out well for you. We have quite a few pheasant recipes on the site!

  6. we have never tried cooking pheasant before – only ate with friends yet. So we are going to eat our first own cooked one today. This recipe sounds really nice and could learn a lot from all the comments. We will come back..:)

  7. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Yvonne

    With game you can never guarantee that it will be tender unless you have seen the dead birds. They could be three old cocks.

    My recipe will give you the best possible chance of them being tender but I’d marinade them in white wine and a little lemon juice and olive oil for a few hours (overnight would be perfect). If you put them into a plastic beg with the marinade it guarantees that all flesh will marinade simultaneously without having to turn the birds. If they are old birds they may need it bit longer in the pot.

    I’d love to hear how it turns out!

  8. I have been given 3 pheasants which have all been skinned and halved. I would like to use your Christmas Eve recipe with bread, apples, etc. Do you think it would work? I do want the meat to be tender.

  9. Fiona Nevile

    Hi Don

    I’d cook it as low as possible say 100c (after half an hour or so in the warmer oven). Check it after an hour and adjust up if neccesary.

    I’d love to hear how you get on!


  10. Don Seaman

    I am about to cook to your Pot roast pheasant(gypsy style).

    I would like to do it very slow over 8 hours at night. What oven temperature would you recommend?
    I was thinkiung of 30 minutes at 180 then 7 and a half hours at 120.Your suggestions would be appreciated and the result fed back.


    Don Seaman

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